The vertical horopter is not adaptable and is not adaptive for viewing along the ground

M Banks

University of Berkeley, USA

martybanks@berkeley.edu

 

Helmholtz speculated that the pitch of the vertical horopter is an adaptation for perceiving 3D structure along the ground. We examined this claim by asking whether the horopter is adaptable (ie, whether it is different for people of different heights and whether it can be changed in response to distorting lenses) and whether it's adaptive (ie, whether it really is suited for perceiving along the ground). We find that it is not adaptable in that the pitch of the vertical horopter is not correlated with height and in that it does not change in response to one week of altered visual experience. We also find that it is not adaptive for viewing along the ground because the vertical horopter is a convex curve rather than a line. We speculate that it is adaptive for other aspects of natural viewing.


ISSN: 2041-6695 (electronic only)

Copyright: Copyright is retained by the author(s) of this article. This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Licence, which permits noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction, provided the original author(s) and source are credited and no alterations are made.
Creative Commons License



a Pion publication